CISCO CCNA 200-301 Q28

Host A is configured for DHCP, but it is not receiving an IP address when it powers up. What is the most likely cause?

A. The DHCP server is on the wrong subnet.
B. Routers do not forward broadcast traffic.
C. The DHCP server is misconfigured.
D. Port security is enabled on the switch.

Correct Answers: B

Host A is not receiving a DHCP configuration because its initial DHCP Discover frame is a broadcast, and routers do not forward broadcast frames by default.

A DHCP client sends out a DHCP Discover packet when booting up, enveloped within an Ethernet broadcast frame. The broadcast frame will be flooded by switches, but filtered by routers. There must either be a DHCP server on the local subnet or a DHCP Relay Agent, which will forward the request from the local subnet to the DHCP server.

The DHCP server is not on the wrong subnet. A DHCP server can be centrally located and configured to support multiple remote subnets, as long as those subnets have DHCP Relay Agents configured to forward the DHCP Discover requests.

No information is provided on the DHCP server configuration. The router is the most obvious cause of the problem, so this option is incorrect.

Port security can be configured to restrict hosts based on the MAC address, but the scenario does not provide information on any port security configurations. The router is the most obvious cause of the problem as shown in the network exhibit.